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成人高考英語復習大綱

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6463 admin 發表于 2019-1-11 16:02:04
  英語復習考試范圍包括語音、詞匯、語法、日常交際用語、閱讀和寫作等方面, 并主要在記憶、理解和綜合應用這三個層次上檢測考生掌握英語的水平:
  記憶:能記住本大綱規定的語音、語法知識;能記住單詞的拼寫、讀音、基本詞義及主要用法;能記住本大綱規定的短語和習慣用語的意思和主要用法。
  理解:能正確使用語音、語法和日常交際用語知識;能夠恰當理解各種語言現象;能夠恰當理解各種語言現象;能夠讀懂英語的連貫表達。
  綜合應用:能夠使用本大綱規定的各類語言知識,整體理解不同形式的語篇;能夠在特定的語境中比較連貫、得體地表達自己的意思。
  考生可以從以下幾個方面進行查漏補缺:
  1、語音:熟悉英語音素的發音,知道英語字母及常用字母組合在單詞中的讀音。了解英語的基本語調以及使用語調的規則,并能在實踐中運用這些規則。能在簡單的日常會話中使用比較自然的語音語調。
  2、詞匯:掌握2000個左右常用英語單詞和一定數量的短語和習慣用語,對單詞能認、會讀,知道詞義及其在語句中的作用。對在一般交際中使用頻率高的單詞和短語會拼寫、能正確使用。知道一些常用詞的近義詞和反義詞。能夠根據上下文或利用基本的構詞法知識判斷語篇中生詞的含義。
  3、語法:
  1)動詞的基本形式 (1)現在式 (2)過去式 (3)過去分詞 (4)-ing形式
  2)行為動詞的及物性和不及物性
  3)連系動詞be, get, look, seem, turn, grow, become 等
  4)助動詞be, do, have, shall, will 等
  5)情態動詞can, may, must, ought, need, dare等
  6)動詞的時態 (1)一般現在時 (2)一般過去時 (3)一般將來時 (4)現在進行時 (5)過去進行時 (6)現在完成時 (7)過去完成時 (8)過去將來時
  7)動詞的被動語態 (1)一般現在時的被動語態 (2)一般過去時的被動語態 (3)一般將來時的被動語態 (4)現在進行時的被動語態 (5)現在完成時的被動語態 (6)帶情態動詞的被動語態
  8)動詞的不定式 (1)作主語 (2)作賓語 (3)作賓語補足語 (4)作狀語 (5)作定語 (6)作表語 (7)用在how, when, where, what, which, who, whether等后面
  9)動詞的過去分詞 (1)作定語 (2)作表語 (3)作賓語補足語 (4)作狀語 10)動詞的-ing形式 (1)作主語 (2)作賓語 (3)作賓語補足語 (4)作表語 (5)作定語 (6)作狀語
  10)句子 1)句子的種類 (1)陳述句(肯定式和否定式) (2)疑問句(一般疑問句、特殊疑問句、選擇疑問句、反意疑問句) (3)祈使句 (4)感嘆句 2)句子的成分 (1)主語 (2)謂語 (3)表語 (4)賓語 (5)直接賓語和間接賓語 (6)賓語補足語 (7)定語 (8)狀語 3)主謂的一致關系 4)簡單句的五種基本句型 5)并列句 6)復合句 (1)名詞性從句 (2)狀語從句 (3)定語從句 7)倒裝句 8)省略句
  11)構詞法 1)合成法blackboard, man-made, overthrow, however, everyone 2)轉換法hand (n.) -hand(v.) ,break(v.)-break(n.), empty(adj.)-empty(v.) 3)派生法 A.加前綴:non-, un-, in-, dis-, re- B.加后綴:-er, -tion, -ese, -ist, -ing, -ment, -ness, -ian, -ify, -ize, -ise, -en, -able, -ful, -y, -ive, -al, -an, -ly, -teen, -ty
  12)日常交際用語
  1.問候Greetings Good morning/afternoon/evening. Hello/Hi! How are you? Fine, thank you. And you? Very well, thank you.
  2.介紹Introductions a. This is Mr/Mrs/Miss/Ms… I’d like you to meet … b. How do you do ? Nice/Glad/Pleased to see/meet you. c. My name is … I’m a (student/teacher, etc.). d. I’m Chinese.
  3.告別Farewells a. I’m afraid I must be leaving now. I think it’s time for us to leave now. b. Good-bye! (Bye-Bye! Bye!) See you later/tomorrow.(See you.) Good night.
  4.感謝和應答Thanks and responses a. Thank you (very much). Thanks a lot. Many thanks. Thanks for…… b. It’s very kind of you to… Not at all . It’s/That’s all right. You’re welcome.
  5.祝愿、祝賀和應答Good wishes, congratulations and responses a. Good luck! Best wishes to you! I wish you good luck/success! Have a nice/good time. b. Thank you. The same to you. c. Happy New Year! Merry Christmas! Happy birthday to you.
  6.道歉、遺憾、同情和應答Apologies, regrets, sympathies and responses a. Sorry/Pardon. I’m sorry. I’m sorry for/about….. I’m sorry to hear…. b. Excuse me (for…) I’m afraid of …. What a pity/shame! c. That’s all right. It doesn’t matter. That’s nothing.
  7.邀請和應答Invitations and responses a. will you come to ….? Would you like to …? I’d like to invite you to … b. Yes, I’d love to (….). Yes, it’s very kind/nice of you. c. I’d love to, but…
  8.提供(幫助等)和應答Offers and responses a. Can/Could/Shall I help you? Is there anything (else) I can do for you? Do you want me to …? What can I do for you? Let me do/carry/help…(for you). Would you like some…? b. Thanks. That would be nice/fine. That’s very kind of you. Thank you for your help. Yes, please. Here, take this/my….. c. No, thanks/thank you. Thank you all the same. That’s very kind of you, but….
  9.約會Making appointments a. Are you/Will you be free this afternoon/tomorrow? How about tomorrow morning/afternoon/evening? Shall we meet at 4:30 at …? b. Yes, that’s all right. Yes, I’ll be free then. c. No, I won’t be free then. But I’ll be free… d. All right. See you then.
  10.意愿和希望Intentions and wishes a. I’m going to …. I will … I’d like to …. I (do not) want/hope to … b. I want/hope/wish to …
  11.請求、允許和應答Asking for permission and responses a. May I …? Can/Could I ….? b. Yes/Sure/Certainly. Yes, (do)please. Of course (you may). Go ahead, please. That’s OK/all right. Not at all. c. I’m sorry you can’t. I’m sorry, but… You’d better not.
  12.同意和不同意Agreement and disagreement a. Certainly/Sure/Of course. No problem. Yes, please. Yes, I think so . That’s true. All right/OK. That’s a good idea. I/We agree (with you). b. No, I don’t think so . I’m afraid not. I’m afraid I (really) can’t agree with you.
  13.喜好和厭惡Likes and dislikes a. I like/love …(very much). I like/love to … b. I don’t like (to)…. I hate (to)…
  14.決斷和堅持Determination, decision and insistence I will… I have decided to/that…
  15.判斷和意見Judgement and opinion a. Well done/Good work! b. In my opinion,… It seems… 16.能力Ability I can…. He is able to ….
  16.肯定和不肯定Certainty and uncertainty a. I’m sure (of that). I’m sure (that)… b. I’m not sure (of that). I’m not sure whether/if… c. Perhaps/Maybe.
  17.禁止和警告Prohibition and warnings a. You can’t/mustn’t…. If you …, you’ll… You’d better not do it. Don’t smoke! Don’t be late! b. Look out! Take care! Be careful! 19.可能和不可能Possibility and impossibility He can/may…. It is possible that…
  18.預見、猜測和相信Prediction, conjecture and belief a. He will… b. It seems (that)… c. I believe that he is right.
  19.請求Requests a. Can/Will/Could/Would you…for me? Will/Can/Could/Would you Please…? May I have…? b. Please give/pass me… Please wait (here/a moment). Please wait (for) your turn. Please stand in line/line up. Please hurry. c. Don’t rush (hurry)/crowd. No noise, please. No smoking, please.
  20.勸告和建議Advice and suggestions a. You’d better(not)… You should /ought to… You need (to)… b. Shall we …? Let’s … What/How about…? Why not …? Why don’t you…?
  21.許諾Promises I promise… I will give… to you.
  22.表示焦慮Expressing anxiety What’s wrong? What’s the matter (with you)? I’m/He’s/She’s worried. Oh, what shall I /we do ?
  23.表示驚奇Expressing surprise Really? Oh dear! Is that so? Good heavens!
  24.表示喜悅Expressing pleasure I’m glad/pleased/happy to…. That’s nice/wonderful/great.
  25.談論天氣Talking about the weather a. What’s the weather like today? How’s the weather in …? b. It’s fine /cloudy/windy/rainy…. It’s getting cold/warm… It’s rather warm/cold/hot… today, isn’t it? It’s a beautiful day today.
  26.購物Shopping a. What can I do for you? May/Can I help you? b. I want/I’d like… How much is it? That’s too expensive, I’m afraid. That’s fine. I’ll take it. Let me have… c. How many/much do you want? What colour/size/kind do you want? d. Do you have any other kind/ size/colour, etc.?
  27.問路和應答Asking the way and responses a. Excuse me .Where’s the men’s/ladies’ room? Excuse me. Can you tell me the way to …? How can I get to …? I don’t know the way. b. Go down this street. Turn right/left at the first/second crossing. It’s about… metres from here. Go straight ahead till you see…
  28.問時間、日期和應答Asking the time, date and responses a. What day is (it) today? What’s the date today? Excuse me. What time is it by your watch? What’s the time, please? b. It’s Monday/Tuesday… It’s January 10th. It’s five o’clock/five thirty (half past five)/a quarter past (to) six. It’s time for/to…
  29.就餐Taking meals a. What would you like (to have)? Would you like something (to eat/dink)? b. I’d like… Coke/Two eggs…, please. c. Would you like some more…? Help yourself to some… d. Thank you, I’ve had enough. I’m full, thank you. Just a little, please. 32. 打電話Making phone calls a. Hello! Is he (Tom) in? May/Could I speak to …? Is that…(speaking)? b. Hold on, please. Hello, who is it? He/She isn’t here right now. Can I take a message for you? c. Hello, this is … speaking. I called to tell/ask you…
  30.傳遞信息Passing on a message a. will you please give this note/message to…? b. … asked me to give you this note. c. Thanks for the message.
  31.看病Seeing the doctor a. There’s something wrong with… I’ve got a headache and a cough. I feel terrible (bad). I don’t feel well. b. Take this medicine three times a day. Drink plenty of water and have a good rest. It’s nothing serious. You’ll be all right/well soon. 35. 求救Calling for help a. Help! Thief! b. What’s the matter?
  32.語言困難Language difficulties Pardon? Would you please say that again/more slowly? What do you mean by …? I’m sorry I can’t follow you. I’m sorry I know only a little English.
  單從考綱來看,內容也挺多的,但同學不要被嚇到,因為大綱是總結形式的,在實際應用和考試中,各個知識點是混合在一起出現的,而不是一個一個單獨出現,所以實際考試中不會像本文一樣一來就出現一大堆。而且,成考入學考試基本和中考水準持平,知識在單詞量上有變化。只要大家認真踏實地記單詞,扎扎實實,一定能在兩個月后順利入學。

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